Gastric and duodenal conditions
Frequent gastro-intestinal diseases
- gastric and duodenal ulcers
- stomach cancer
- functional dyspepsia
The following symptoms are typical for gastric diseases:
- feeling of pressure in the upper abdominal region
- loss of appetite
- Pressure in the abdominal region
Most symptoms are caused by an inflammation of the stomach’s lining (gastritis). The mucus lining is disrupted by the acidity of the stomach, which may be caused by certain medications, excessive smoking and drinking, as well as by viruses and bacteria.
An important role is attributed to bacteria found in the stomach, called helicobacter pylori. It can cause chronic inflammation and leave behind open wounds in the stomach or the duodenum (ulcers). If left untreated, complications such as bleeding or stomach rupture may occur.
Stomach cancer cases are frequently familial in origin. However, unhealthy eating habits, smoking, excess consumption of alcohol as well as chronic helicobacter pylori infections are considered risk factors.
A dysfunction of the stomach where the exact cause is unknown, is called functional dyspepsia. Symptoms include abdominal pain, an early sense of satiety, feeling of fullness, abdominal pressure, acid regurgitation, burning sensation, loss of appetite and intestinal gas. The symptoms may vary in terms of strength and duration. The exact cause is yet unknown, however dietary habits, food intolerances and mental stress are amongst the suspected contributing factors.